2018-01-23 11:45:53 UTC
Albert Einstein: "Guided by empirical data, the investigator rather develops a system of thought which, in general, is built up logically from a small number of fundamental assumptions, the so-called axioms." https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/einstein/works/1910s/relative/ap03.htm
If this definition is correct (I think it is in fundamental physics), any author should be able to show the set of axioms to critics. He/she should also be able to clearly demonstrate the sequence of arguments leading from the axioms to any conclusion of his/her theory.
Critics look for false axioms and invalid (the conclusion does not follow from the premises) arguments. If they are unable to find any, all the conclusions of the theory are accepted as true.