The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Both False and Invincible
(trop ancien pour répondre)
Pentcho Valev
2018-10-02 19:22:57 UTC
A battery has been doing mechanical work since 1840:

"This Battery Has Lasted 175 Years and No One Knows How"

The battery must be converting ambient heat into work, in violation of the second law of thermodynamics. Sounds crazy but any other explanation would be much crazier.

An analogous system. In an electric field water undergoes turbulent motion NOT POWERED BY ELECTRIC ENERGY:

The motion is POWERED BY AMBIENT HEAT, and therefore can do work (e.g. by rotating a waterwheel) in violation of the second law of thermodynamics.

In post-truth science, when it comes to the second law of thermodynamics or Einstein's false constant-speed-of-light postulate, the crimestop is absolute:

"Crimestop means the faculty of stopping short, as though by instinct, at the threshold of any dangerous thought. It includes the power of not grasping analogies, of failing to perceive logical errors, of misunderstanding the simplest arguments if they are inimical to Ingsoc, and of being bored or repelled by any train of thought which is capable of leading in a heretical direction. Crimestop, in short, means protective stupidity." http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/o/orwell/george/o79n/chapter2.9.html

Pentcho Valev
Pentcho Valev
2018-10-03 08:14:35 UTC
Water rises and then goes down as the capacitor is switched on and off:

Rise in level of liquid dielectric in capacitance

Clearly, the system can do mechanical work by regularly lifting floating weights. The work will be done at the expense of ambient heat (not at the expense of electric energy), in violation of the second law of thermodynamics.

Pentcho Valev
Pentcho Valev
2018-10-04 14:36:47 UTC
If a catalyst affects the forward and the reverse reactions differently - e.g. accelerates one more than the other - then the second law of thermodynamics is violated. Here the catalyst speeds up the forward but SUPPRESSES the reverse reaction:

Unidirectional suppression of hydrogen oxidation on oxidized platinum clusters

A similar violation:

"In 2000, a simple, foundational thermodynamic paradox was proposed: a sealed blackbody cavity contains a diatomic gas and a radiometer whose apposing vane surfaces dissociate and recombine the gas to different degrees (A_2 ⇌ 2A). As a result of differing desorption rates for A and A_2 , there arise between the vane faces permanent pressure and temperature differences, either of which can be harnessed to perform work, in apparent conflict with the second law of thermodynamics. Here we report on the first experimental realization of this paradox, involving the dissociation of low-pressure hydrogen gas on high-temperature refractory metals (tungsten and rhenium) under blackbody cavity conditions. The results, corroborated by other laboratory studies and supported by theory, confirm the paradoxical temperature difference and point to physics beyond the traditional understanding of the second law." https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10701-014-9781-5

Pentcho Valev